In memory of the scholar

1937-2014

пішов з життя видатний український науковець, 

академік Роман Теодорович Гром'як

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May Troubles in US History

May 4, 1886  — The Haymarket Square Riot occurred in Chicago after 180 police officers advanced on 1,300 persons gathered in the square listening to speeches of labor activists and anarchists. A bomb was thrown. Seven policemen were killed and over 50 wounded. Four anarchists were then charged with conspiracy to kill, convicted and hanged while another committed suicide in jail. Three others were given lengthy jail terms.

May 4, 1970  — At Kent State University, four students — Allison Krause, 19; Sandra Lee Scheuer, 20; Jeffrey Glenn Miller, 20; and William K. Schroeder, 19 — were killed by National Guardsmen who opened fire on a crowd of 1,000 students protesting President Richard Nixon's decision to invade Cambodia. Eleven others were wounded. The shootings set off tumultuous campus demonstrations across America resulting in the temporary closing of over 450 colleges and universities.

IM-25 home video materials


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Happy Labor Day!

How was International Labour Day born?

And it was in the USA that the labour movement was born, which would choose this day to focus its demands. The embrionic workers’ associations and unions organized themselves during the 19th century and began to fight against deplorable working conditions – a working day of between 8 and 10 hours and in many cases in conditions of extreme discomfort and/or danger. In some industries, the life expectancy did not reach 25 years of age!

The unions/associations formed the Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Unions – FOTLU (November 1881), later the American Labour Federation, which at its National Convention in Chicago in 1884, proclaimed that after 1st May 1886, the working day should be 8 hours. FOTLU announced a series of actions and strikes to apply pressure on the authorities to force them to implement the new working regime. Meanwhile the labour movement was brutally repressed by the Pinkerton security agents and the police.

When the day arrived, 1st May 1886, around 300,000 workers in 13,000 firms started to strike. Chicago was the epicentre of the labour movement and names such as Louis Lingg, Johann Most, Albert Parsons and August Spies will forever be linked with May 1st. The strikes and the revolutionary atmosphere created by the various factions linked to the labour movement continued during 2nd and 3rd May, but always in a climate of peace. However, everything would change the following day.

Haymarket Massacre


Due to the increasing brutality by the authorities against the peaceful labour movement, the workers decided to organise a public conference in Haymarket Square, Chicago, on May 4th. The main speaker, August Spies, addressed the crowd of workers and their families, including many children. Eye witnesses, which included the Mayor of Chicago, declared that his speech did not incite violence.

However, the police force decided to charge and attack the crowd; someone (and it is not clear whether it was a worker of an agent provocateur connected to the authorities, threw a bomb at the police and these responded by firing into the crowd.

Eight anarchist leaders were arrested and accused of instigating violence and the jury (chosen from among the corporate elitists) found them guity in one of the most blatant travesties of justice in history. Four were hanged, one committed suicide in his cell the night before the hanging in November 1887. The other three were pardoned six years later.

The day was never adopted as a public holiday in the USA but the workers’ movement and its claims echoed far and wide, reaching the four corners of the world, where May 1st started to become the focal point for demonstrations in favour of workers’ rights. International Socialist proclaimed the date International Labour Day in 1889.

In 1890, May Day demonstrations were generalised and worldwide, from the USA and Canada, to Brazil, Cuba, Peru, Chile, and across Europe from Ireland to Russia.


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Home is Best!

The trip is over and what a great meeting it was!

I opened the Plenary Session 

Many, many thanks to the department of American studies of МГЛУ, Минск!

Стулов Юрий Викторович

Заведующий кафедрой зарубежной литературы Минского государственного лингвистического университета.В 1966 г. окончил Минский государственный лингвистический университет. В 1985 г. защитил кандидатскую диссертацию на тему «Художественное своеобразие творчества Дж. Болдуина 1950-х – к. 1970-х гг.».

 Сфера научных интересов: современная афроамериканская литература.

 

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Во всем мире 22 апреля отмечается международный День Земли.

On the Earth day It is not unusual to think about one American writer who created the most famous essay about nature ever produced in the USA — these two are...

EMERSON

and his most famous work

Nature (1836)

(5-year students make a presentation on the essy and Emerson's biography)

however, it is hard to realize that Emerson's phylosophy in many ways a product of his cluture and it is based on things like that...

It is not really nature-loving, it's more like nature killing, and hunting to the point of total extermination,

skinning animals alive and taking bloody trophies.

Emrson's book should be called «How to exploit Nature», shouldn't it?

Unless you think American attitude to nature is like this...


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Символ мира...

Словянск NEWS

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Banksy

Banksy WIKI

Бэнкси — одновременно самый знаменитый и неизвестный художник наших дней. Он прославился своими «партизанскими» граффити, созданными с помощью трафаретов в общественных местах: на стенах в Лондоне, Брайтоне, Бристоле и даже на Западном берегу реки Иордан. Не меньше шума наделали и смелые выходки Бэнкси. Например, однажды он повесил в Лувре репродукцию Моны Лизы со «смайлом» вместо лица. В другой раз — оставил в Диснейленде надувную куклу, одетую как заключенный Гуантанамо (как это было, можно увидеть в документальном фильме «Выход через сувенирную лавку», номинированном на «Оскар» в 2011 году). Наибольшие же споры вызывает личность Бэнкси — журналисты и поклонники тщетно пытаются раскрыть имя и внешность художника уже который год. Работы Бэнкси продаются на аукционах за сотни тысяч фунтов. Многие из них находятся в частных собраниях Анджелины Джоли, Бреда Питта, Кристины Агилеры и Кейт Мосс.

UKrainian Banksy))


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Colfax massacre

The Colfax Massacre, or Colfax Riot  occurred on Easter Sunday, April 13, 1873, in Colfax, Louisiana, the seat of Grant Parish, during confrontation between opposing political forces of the Republicans and Democrats.

In the wake of the contested 1872 election for governor of Louisiana and local offices, a group of Democrats, armed with rifles and a small cannon, overpowered Republican freedmen and state militia trying to control the Grant Parish courthouse in Colfax white Republican officeholders were not attacked. Most of the freedmen were killed after they surrendered; nearly 50 were killed later that night after being held as prisoners for several hours. Estimates of the number of dead have varied, ranging from 62 to 153; three whites died but the number of black victims was difficult to determine because bodies had been thrown into the river or removed for burial. There were rumors of mass graves at the site.

Remember Slavensk!

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Easter traditions in the USA

You won’t find them in the Bible, but many cherished Easter traditions have been around for centuries. The most prominent secular symbol of the Christian holiday, the Easter bunny reportedly was introduced to America by the German immigrants who brought over their stories of an egg-laying hare.


The Bible makes no mention of a long-eared, short-tailed creature who delivers decorated eggs to well-behaved children on Easter Sunday; nevertheless, the Easter bunny has become a prominent symbol of Christianity’s most important holiday. The exact origins of this mythical mammal are unclear, but rabbits, known to be prolific procreators, are an ancient symbol of fertility and new life. According to some sources, the Easter bunny first arrived in America in the 1700s with German immigrants who settled in Pennsylvania and transported their tradition of an egg-laying hare called “Osterhase” or “Oschter Haws.” Their children made nests in which this creature could lay its colored eggs. Eventually, the custom spread across the U.S. and the fabled rabbit’s Easter morning deliveries expanded to include chocolate and other types of candy and gifts, while decorated baskets replaced nests. Additionally, children often left out carrots for the bunny in case he got hungry from all his hopping.


Easter is a religious holiday, but some of its customs, such as Easter eggs, are likely linked to pagan traditions. The egg, an ancient symbol of new life, has been associated with pagan festivals celebrating spring. From a Christian perspective, Easter eggs are said to represent Jesus’ emergence from the tomb and resurrection.

Decorating eggs for Easter is a tradition that dates back to at least the 13th century, according to some sources. One explanation for this custom is that eggs were formerly a forbidden food during the Lenten season, so people would paint and decorate them to mark the end of the period of penance and fasting, then eat them on Easter as a celebration.


Source

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ДРУГА ВСЕУКРАЇНСЬКА НАУКОВО-ПРАКТИЧНА ІНТЕРНЕТ-КОНФЕРЕНЦІЯ “Сучасні проблеми германського та романського мовознавства”

 


РІВНЕНСЬКИЙ ДЕРЖАВНИЙ ГУМАНІТАРНИЙ УНІВЕРСИТЕТ

Факультет іноземної філології

Кафедра теорії і практики англійської мови та прикладної лінгвістики

ЛУЦЬКИЙ НАЦІОНАЛЬНИЙ ТЕХНІЧНИЙ УНІВЕРСИТЕТ

Кафедра іноземних мов

НАЦІОНАЛЬНИЙ УНІВЕРСИТЕТ “ОСТРОЗЬКА АКАДЕМІЯ”

Кафедра індоєвропейських мов

ПРОГРАМА

ДРУГОЇ ВСЕУКРАЇНСЬКОЇ НАУКОВО-ПРАКТИЧНОЇ

ІНТЕРНЕТ-КОНФЕРЕНЦІЇ

“ Сучасні проблеми германського та романського мовознавства ”

Рівне, 23 квітня 2014 року

 

 

ПОРЯДОК ДЕННИЙ

1000-1100 Он-лайн реєстрація учасників

1100-1125 Вітальне слово учасникам конференції

Поніманська Тамара Іллівна – кандидат педагогічних наук, професор, проректор з наукової

роботи РДГУ, завідувач кафедри педагогіки та психології (дошкільної)

Ніколайчук Галина Іванівна – кандидат педагогічних наук, професор, декан факультету

іноземної філології РДГУ

Мартинюк Алла Петрівна – кандидат педагогічних наук, доцент, в.о. завідувача кафедри

іноземних мов Луцького національного технічного університету

1125 -1700 Робота секцій

секція № 1. Сучасні проблеми міжкультурної комунікації та когнітивної лінгвістики .

секція № 2. Традиційні та новітні аспекти лінгвістичних та літературознавчих

досліджень.

секція № 3. Актуальні проблеми методики викладання іноземних мов .

1700-1730 Підбиття підсумків конференції

Програма конференції PDF file

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